Typical LAN Structured Cabling: The Basics

January 16, 2014 at 10:00 AM

Keeping it neat
 

Typical LAN Structured Cabling Setup

We know things can get messy in your commercial building when installing any sort of cabling system. Many cabling systems require a full wiring closet or server room including racks, panels, patch cords, lightning protectors, routers, switches, and media converters. All of which is supported by a staff of IT professionals. 

 

Phew. That’s a lot to manage. And having Internet access in a commercial building is no longer just an option. It is a must.

 

Even if you are doing most of your file sharing and other network activities in the cloud, you can't get by without the basic cabling linking your office to an ISP. 

 

So what’s the solution? A Structured Cabling System, which is the cabling, connectors and accessories that make up the Local Area Network (LAN) inside a building.  At a minimum, this consists of a modem, router/network switch and Ethernet cabling. 

 

 

Here's the trick


Often you need something more complex than just a computer connected to the Internet.  That means you'll need an Ethernet router to handle internal network addressing, securing resources and providing a connection to the Wide Area Network (WAN).  You will also most likely require Ethernet switches to distribute traffic to many computers and servers in your LAN. 
 

Typical Ethernet Cable with RJ45 ConnectorSince routers and switches can't work alone, you will require Ethernet cabling- possibly a lot of it.  And when you have a lot of cabling, things can get even messier. Try out these high-quality right-angle Ethernet patch cables along with cable management rack panels to keep your area neat and organized. 

 

With all the different cables going to different systems, its obvious things can get confusing. We suggest color coding your network too. Check out our wide range of colors for Ethernet cables, here. If you specify that a certain color cable carries a certain signal type (such as phone or network traffic), you ensure that everyone who works on your network wiring can visually identify critical connections before they are disconnected.

 

As your network grows, you also need your structured cabling system to be scalable.  One good way to do this is to employ a well organized rack layout and utilize good cable management practices. This will make future growth easier to manage within your server room. Plan for future expansion by also including blank filler panels between patching sections in a rack and between network switching/routing equipment.

 

Around the building, set up plenty of user access points by terminating a minimum of two network ports per office workspace.  Installing keystone jacks in aesthetically pleasing wall plates or surface mount boxes will give an office space a finished look.
 

Typical Enclosure Setup with power, lightning protection, and networking productsFor remote and secure locations, use enclosures to house both wired and wireless equipment. To power these products, install Power over Ethernet (PoE) injectors and splitters that will eliminate the need for complicated electrical re-wiring. If the location is too far for traditional Ethernet wiring (about 100 meters and further), consider setting up a fiber optic link using commercial or industrial grade media converters
 

Finally, never forget the importance of lightning protection.  Electrical surges can occur anywhere with devastating effects on expensive and critical equipment. Nearly anything that carries an electrical current is vulnerable. 

 

Need more tips? Click here for our Telecom/Modular (Premise Wiring) tutorial page. 

 

Comments (1) -

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