Fiber Optic Tutorial
What are Fiber Optic Cables?Fiber optic cables consist of a glass core and cladding, buffer coating, Kevlar strength members and a protective outer jacket. Fiber optic cables use light pulses as opposed to electrical signals to send information.
How are Fiber Optic Cables used?Fiber optic cables can be plugged into communications equipment and patch panels to provide a physical connection to a network or device.
Where are Fiber Optic Cables used?Fiber optic cables are used by commercial business, governments, the military and many other industries for myriad applications involving the transmission of voice, video and data.
Where copper cabling uses electricity to transmit signals from one end to another, fiber optics use light pulses to accomplish the same purpose. The fiber cable is made of a transparent glass core surrounded by a mirror like covering called cladding. Light passes through the cable, bouncing off the cladding until it reaches the other end of the fiber channel - this is called total internal reflection.
In today’s high speed networks, Graded Index Multimode fiber or Step Index Single mode fiber is used to improve light transmission over long distances. Multimode fiber has a larger core and is typically used in short runs within buildings. Single mode fiber has a smaller core and is used in long distance runs typically outside between buildings.
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