802.3bu - Power Over Data Lines (PoDL)

October 25, 2018 at 8:00 AM

 

In the realm of IEEE standards, 802.3 has some pretty good tricks up its sleeve. There is 802.3bt which expanded the capabilities of Power over Ethernet (PoE), 802.3bv brought you Power over Plastic Optical Fiber (POF) and 802.3bz which delivers 2.5 Gbps and 5 Gbps speeds data over copper. Now, the IEEE has unveiled 802.3bu – a standard for Power over Data Lines (PoDL).

 

Initially, single-pair Ethernet was created to help meet a demand in the automotive industry for Ethernet connectivity in vehicles. 802.3bu defines the specifications and standards for delivering power over single twisted-pair to connect Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) with IEEE 803.2 interfaces. This standard also extends the wattage range to up to 60 Watts of power, which is more power over a single cable than the PoE standards 802.3af and 803.2bt. With this PoDL standard, the most recent physical layers of single twisted-pair Ethernet are supported, including 100BASE-T1 and 1000BASE-T1, while using unshielded twisted-pair cables. This results in a lower cost and lighter weight solution, which is always good news. It is targeted for use in automotive, industrial automation, air and rail transportation, and other applications that use 100BASE-T1, 1000BASE-T1 or any single-pair data or non-data entity protocol. The IEEE 802.3bu standard also opens itself up for the possibility of additional applications across a variety of industries in need of solutions to adapt to the Internet of Things (IoT) expansion.

 

The goal of the 802.3bu standard is to specify a power distribution technique for use over a single twisted-pair cable that will allow for operation if data is not present. This standard is designed to deliver power that supports multiple voltages and classes of power at each voltage level. Plus, it has the capability of fault protection and detection to identify device signatures and communicate directly with devices to ensure precise and safe power delivery. PoDL supports fast startup operation with predetermined voltage configurations and the option of operation with run-time voltage configuration. It ensures compatibility with the IEEE 802.3bp standard. However, it is not compatible with Ethernet applications that operate over 2 or 4-pairs of twisted-pair cable.

 

With the introduction of 802.3bu PoDL, not only is the wattage delivery increased and intuitive, the possibilities of power delivery are increased as well.

 

Industrial Enclosures for any Application

October 4, 2018 at 8:00 AM

 

When it comes to protecting your valuable equipment, a NEMA enclosure can be a great solution. Whether your equipment could be exposed to the elements, chemicals, human tampering or theft, using an enclosure can ensure your investment is protected and provide you with peace of mind. Different enclosures provide different benefits, and you must find the best fit for your application. Here, we’ll take a closer look at Industrial enclosures and all that they have to offer.

 

When it comes to location, industrial enclosures can be used for both indoor and outdoor applications. In any setting, industrial enclosures provide extra security against theft, tampering and damage. Standard enclosures are lockable and keyed locks can be added as an extra measure to keep valuable components safe. Weatherproof outdoor enclosures can provide superior protection from the elements for outdoor wireless access points and sensitive electric components. Plus, with the option of adding heating and cooling or power, these enclosures deliver dependable performance in any climate.

 

There are numerous features that make industrial enclosures ideal for protecting sensitive equipment, these include mounting plates that securely mount equipment inside an enclosure and a thermostat controlled cooling fan that keeps equipment cool in high temperature environments. Also, a mounting lid can prevent damage and theft of the equipment inside the enclosure, these lids can have hinges, removable lids or clear viewing windows for easier viewing while maintaining security. Power over Ethernet (PoE) interface is another great feature that delivers power to the enclosed equipment where power sources are limited, plus it provides additional surge protection for internal PoE compatible equipment.

 

Many applications can benefit from the use of an industrial enclosure, and while the details might vary, they all share a similar set of requirements that include being able to operate under exceedingly harsh conditions that include exposure to corrosive chemicals, extreme temperatures and more. Some of these applications include industrial automation, oil and gas, and transportation. Rugged, industrial enclosures are also ideal for security and automation applications such as access controls, fire alarms, video surveillance equipment and building automation.  Indoor and outdoor enclosures can be used in a variety of locations to protect equipment, including cell towers and rooftops, open-access basements, telecom closets, shopping centers and factories.

 

Overall, industrial enclosures are a great way to keep expensive equipment safe. In almost any application, and even in the harshest conditions, they provide a level of security that is unmatched. To take a look at L-com’s complete, comprehensive line of industrial enclosures, click here.

 

Next Generation PoE - What You Need to Know

August 23, 2018 at 8:00 AM

 
What’s better than Power over Ethernet? More Power over Ethernet (PoE), of course – and that is exactly what PoE++ is delivering. PoE++ expands upon the traditional PoE benefits of delivering data and power over a single Ethernet cable, it increases power capabilities and extends PoE’s reach into new industries and applications. Here, we’ll tell you exactly what gives PoE++ those two extras plus signs.
 
First, let’s look at a numbers comparison. The first ratified PoE standard 802.3af supports 15.44 watts of power, but power dissipation usually lowers that number to a reliable 12.95 watts. Then PoE+ was introduced and bolstered power to 30.8 watts with the 802.3at standard, though power dissipation usually takes its toll and lowers power to 25.5 watts. PoE++ (the 802.3bt standard) will be capable of supplying more than 3 times the power of PoE+ with up to 100 watts (Type 4) of DC power and the ability to support 10 Gbps connections.
 
Traditionally, PoE has been used in networking applications. With PoE++, the technology’s reach is extended to include healthcare, point of sale, financial and surveillance industry applications. PoE++ utilizes all four twisted pairs of an Ethernet cable for optimal power transmission. It consists of Mode A and Mode B, and combines them to reach higher voltage levels. Mode A is also referred to as Type A, Type 3 or 4-pair PoE. It is specified for 60W, 50W reliable, and is able to support technology such as access controls, point of sale readers, IP cameras and nurse call devices. Mode B is also known as Type B, Type 4 or higher-power PoE. It is designed for 100 watts of power, 80 watts after power dissipation, and increases the capabilities to also include support of videoconferencing systems, laptops, desktops and televisions.
 
PoE++ is slated to bring more power, more conveniently to more devices than ever before. With all of the speed, convenience and capabilities that this new technology offers, it’s no wonder that PoE++ earned those extra plus marks.

Case Study: Lineage Logistics

May 10, 2018 at 8:00 AM

 

As the second largest cold storage thrid-party provider in the US, Lineage Logistics provides cold storage solutions for leading grocery, food and retail  companies.

 

During a wireless network roll-out in their warehouses, Lineage Logistics needed to add multiple access points inside refrigeration units with temperatures as low as -40 degrees. The company’s engineers had designed a wireless access point that fulfilled the needs of the project, but wasn’t able to function unprotected in the cold temperatures.

 

Lineage Logistics began searching for an enclosure that would protect their access point, offer Power over Ethernet (PoE) over a single cable and meet cost requirements.

 

After rejecting a competitor’s offering, as it didn’t fully meet the requirements, Lineage Logistics came to L-com for help. Our team was able to develop a comprehensive solution that met all their needs. We created a custom NEMA enclosure that could house the access point and provide plently of room if adjustments were needed. We were also able to save Lineage Logistics time and money on installation by mounting the access points in the enclosures and providing all required cabling and antennas.

  

L-com was able to not only meet, but surpass this client’s expectations with the perfect solution to their problem.

 

To read the full case study, click here.

 

802.3bt and PoE

October 19, 2017 at 8:00 AM

 

In 2003 the first Power over Ethernet (PoE) standard was ratified and today there are more than 100 million devices that use PoE. It is an easy to install solution that provides an integrated and safe power standard for worldwide use. PoE has been deployed in high-volume applications such a wireless access points (APs) and Internet protocol (IP) phones to allow communications equipment to be installed in locations where no AC power source is available or where adding an AC outlet would be too costly.

 

The main limitation of PoE is the amount of power it’s able to supply. Even the most recent standardized version of PoE, 802.3at, is only able to provide a maximum of 25.5 Watts of power to a device. This modest amount of power has limited PoE use in many applications that require more power. Plus, with an increasing number of devices simultaneously connecting to Ethernet networks, the need for more PoE power continues to grow.

 

To address the demand for higher power PoE, the IEEE has been working on a new standard, 802.3bt. This newest standard is slated to debut this year and aims to double or triple the power output of the current PoE standard, 802.3at. IEEE 802.3bt increases the maximum PoE power available by employing all four pairs of the structured wiring of an Ethernet cable. It delivers extended power management capabilities and enables multiple PoE classes while also being backward compatible. Additionally, the 802.3bt standard may also standardize PoE with 10Gbase-T.

 

The ability to provide higher power to end devices will drastically expand the number of applications able to use PoE. This will include high-volume applications such as point-of-sale, building management and industrial control systems. Delivering power and data on the same link with PoE will make life easier, and cheaper for design engineers who will be able to save time and money on installation when compared to running separate data and power lines. It also makes relocation of devices simple and as easy as moving a cable, rather than having to hire an electrician to move or add AC power outlets. 

 

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